What is Osteoarthritis? – It’s Symptoms, Causes and Treatment


An osteoarthritis is commonly a form of arthritis that is said to feature the breakdown and eventual loss of the cartilage of one or even more joints occurs. Cartilage is more a protein substance that serves as a “cushion” that is between the bones of the joints. Over 100 different types of arthritis conditions, this osteoarthritis condition is the most common joint disease. Osteoarthritis occurs more frequently as we tend to age. Before the age of 45, Osteoarthritis is to occur more frequently in males, and after 55 years of age, it is to occur more frequently in females. This condition of Osteoarthritis is abbreviated as OA or it is also referred to as degenerative arthritis or the degenerative joint disease (DJD).

Osteoarthritis will commonly affect the hands, feet, spine, and large weight-bearing joints, such as the hips and knees in your body. Osteoarthritis has no known cause and is also referred to as the primary Osteoarthritis and when the cause of the Osteoarthritis is known, this condition is referred to as the secondary Osteoarthritis which is the most common form of arthritis, that is affecting millions of people worldwide. This condition occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of your bones wears down over time and Although this Osteoarthritis can damage any of your joint, this disorder most commonly affects the joints in your knees, hands, hips, and spine.
The symptoms of Osteoarthritis can usually be managed, although the damage that is caused to the joints can’t be reversed. If you stay active and maintain a proper healthy weight it might show the slow progression of the disease and they also help improve pain and joint function.


The symptoms of Osteoarthritis often develop slowly and worsen over time Few Signs and symptoms of Osteoarthritis include:

Pain: The Affected joints might hurt during or after any movement.
Stiffness. Stiffness in the joints might be most noticeable upon awakening or also after being inactive.

Tenderness. Your joint might feel tender whenever you apply light pressure to it or near it.
Loss of flexibility. Sometimes You might not be able to move your joint through its full range of motion.

Grating sensation. You might also feel a grating sensation when you use the joint, and also you might hear any popping or crackling.

Bone spurs. These are the extra bits of bone, which may feel like hard lumps or those that can form around the affected joint.

Swelling. Swelling might also be caused by soft tissue inflammation that is around the joint.
Osteoarthritis can occur in any of your joint. Above are the most commonly affected areas of the body that include the:
spine, typically those at the neck or lower back
Above are the most common symptoms of Osteoarthritis that include:
tenderness is the major discomfort when pressing on the area with your fingers

As the Osteoarthritis becomes more advanced, the pain associated with it may also become more intense Over time, the swelling in the joint and also in the surrounding area occurs. Also by Recognizing the early symptoms of OA can help you to manage the condition better much easier.
Osteoarthritis is majorly caused by joint damage. The joint damage can mainly accumulate over time, which is why the age is one of the main causes of the joint loss that is leading to Osteoarthritis. The older you are, the more you wear and tear you have had on your joints.

The other causes of the joint damage may include any past injury, such as:

any torn cartilage
any of the dislocated joints
some ligament injuries
They may also include joint malformation, obesity, and poor posture as well. There are also some certain risk factors, such as any family history and gender, that may also increase your risk of Osteoarthritis.

Treatment of Osteoarthritis:

This treatment is mainly centered on symptom management and also their location. Often, specific lifestyle changes, any over the counter (OTC) medication, and also some home remedies will be enough to provide you with some relief from pain, stiffness, and swelling.
Few At-home treatments and also lifestyle changes for Osteoarthritis include:

Any kind of Physical Exercise:

Any kind of Physical activity that strengthens the muscles around your joints and may help relieve stiffness. You may Aim for at least 20 to 30 minutes of physical movement, or at least every other day. You may choose gentle, any low-impact activities, such as walking or swimming. Also, Tai chi and yoga can also improve joint flexibility and also they help with pain management.

Weight loss

Sometimes being overweight can also put a strain on your joints and also cause pain. Also Shedding excess pounds helps you to relieve this pressure and also reduces pain. A healthy weight can also help you lower your risk of any other health problems, such as diabetes and also heart disease.

Adequate sleep

Most of the time, Resting your muscles can help you to reduce swelling and inflammation. You should be kind to yourself and do not overdo it. Also getting enough sleep at night can also help you mainly to manage pain more effectively.

The Heat and cold therapy

You may also experiment with Heat or cold therapy to relieve muscle pain and stiffness. You may also apply a cold or hot compress to your sore joints for 15 to 20 minutes several times a day.

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