What is Swine-Flu?
Swine flu is a type of disease that occurs in pigs. In rare cases, it is passed to humans. This is a highly infectious respiratory disease which is caused by one of many Influenza A viruses.
This disease is commonly spread among pigs by any direct and indirect contact. In most parts of the world, many pigs are vaccinated against swine flu.
Very commonly, swine flu is of the H1N1 influenza subtype. Swine flu viruses, however, can sometimes come from other subtypes, such as H1N2, H3N1, and H3N2. Swine flu may generally be of the H1N1 influenza subtype, and However, since 2017, the H3N2 subtype has become the dominant strain. A most common way for a human to catch this swine flu is through any contact with a pig.
Currently, there is a vaccine for swine flu that is included with the standard seasonal flu shots.
Few Symptoms of swine flu in humans include coughs, chills, and some aches, which are similar to seasonal flu, and some of them are:
- body aches
- sore throat
Less commonly, a person suffering from swine flu may also experience vomiting and diarrhea
The people who are more at risk of catching swine flu than the others include:
- People who are aged over 65 years
- Children who are under five years
- People suffering from chronic diseases
- Women who are pregnant
- Teenagers who are receiving long-term aspirin therapy
- Anyone with a compromised immune system
Swine flu Diagnosis:
Swine flu is usually diagnosed by noting all the symptoms. There is also a quick test, which is called the rapid influenza diagnostic test that can help identify swine flu. However, these may vary in effectiveness and may also show a negative result even though influenza is present. Few more accurate tests are available in more specialized laboratories. However, in a similar way to seasonal flu, the symptoms are mild and also self-resolve. Most of the people do not receive a test for swine flu as the treatment would be the same, regardless of any outcome.
Swine flu Treatment:
Most people suffering from flu, including swine flu, require only symptom relief. In case you have a chronic respiratory disease, your doctor may also prescribe any additional medications to help relieve your symptoms.
Basically, four FDA-approved antiviral drugs are prescribed within the first day or two of symptoms to reduce the severity of any signs and also possibly the risk of complications.
1.Oseltamivir or Tamiflu
2.Zanamivir or Relenza
3.Peramivir or Rapivab
4.Baloxavir or Xofluza
But the flu viruses can develop resistance to the above drugs.
To make the development of resistance less likely and also maintain supplies of these drugs for those who need these the most, doctors mainly reserve antivirals for people at high risk of complications and the ones who are in close contact with people who have a high risk of complications.
The High-risk groups include people who:
- Are working in a hospital, nursing home or another long-term care facility.
- People who are younger than 5 years of age, particularly those children younger than 2 years.
- People who are above 65 years old.
- Women who were pregnant, including those women who have had pregnancy loss.
- Teens who are younger than 19 years of age and are receiving long-term aspirin therapy. Those who are Using aspirin during a viral illness may increase the chance of developing Reye’s syndrome, a potentially fatal disease, in these individuals.
- Those who Are morbidly obese, or those who are defined as having a body mass index above 40.
- Those who Have certain chronic medical conditions which include asthma, emphysema, heart disease, diabetes, neuromuscular disease, or kidney, liver or blood disease.
- Those who are immune suppressed due to any specific medications or HIV.
- Those who are American Indians or Alaska Natives Alaskans.
- Lifestyle and home remedies
In case you develop any flu, the following measures may help ease your symptoms following:
- You may Drink plenty of liquids. You have to Choose water, juice and warm soups to prevent dehydration.
- You have to Get more sleep to help your immune system fight infection.
Consider any pain relievers.
- Use an over-the-counter pain reliever such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) or ibuprofen or Advil, Motrin IB, others, cautiously. You may use caution when giving aspirin to children or teenagers.
Though aspirin is already approved for use in children who are older than age 3, children and teenagers who are recovering from chickenpox or any flu-like symptoms should never take aspirin. This is only because aspirin has been linked to Reye’s syndrome.
You may always Remember that few pain relievers may make you comfortable, but they won’t make your symptoms go away faster, and they may have side effects.
They may sometimes cause stomach pain, bleeding, and ulcers. If it is taken for an extended period or in doses higher than recommended, acetaminophen can also be toxic to your liver.