What is Parkinson’s disease?
Parkinson’s disease also called Parkinsonism is a degenerative disease of the brain that generally causes tremors, that is particularly in the elderly. This disorder of the nervous system, has an increasing effect on the movements of the body. This may begin as a hardly noticeable tremor that is initially in just one hand and then it rapidly progresses to severe shaking of hands, and then also making it very difficult to hold a glass in the hand. Though this disease is characterized by many tremors, it also causes slowing down of movements or stiffness.
This disease is a progressive nervous system disorder that basically affects movement. The symptoms start gradually, sometimes they start with a barely noticeable tremor in just one hand. Tremors are common in this disease, but this disorder also commonly causes stiffness or slowing down of movement.
In the early stages of this disease, your face might show little or no expression. When you walk your arms may not swing. Your speech may sometimes become soft or slurred. Symptoms of this disorder may worsen as your condition progresses over time.
What are the major signs and symptoms of Parkinson’s disease?
Signs and symptoms of this Parkinson’s disease differs in every other patient. Some of the initial symptoms of this disease may be even unnoticeable sometimes. Often, only one side may be involved and show the symptoms of this disorder. When the symptoms begin to appear both the sides, still they maybe more prominent on only one side. Some of the signs and symptoms of the disease are discussed below:
Tremor: A tremor also called shaking, usually begins in the limb, and often your hand or fingers.
Slowed movement also called bradykinesia: Over the time, this parkinson’s disease may slow down your movement, by making some of the simple tasks difficult and time-consuming. When you start, your steps may become shorter. It may be very difficult for one to get out of a chair. You may start to drag your feet as you try to walk.
Rigid muscles: Muscle stiffness may occur in some parts of your body. The stiff muscles can be very painful and they can also limit your range of motion.
Restricted movements: In the early stages of this disorder, the face of the affected may appear expressionless or it may have very fewer expressions. While walking arms may not swing. Also, there may be slurring or softening of speech. The symptoms of this Parkinson’s disease may worsen as the condition progresses over time.
There may be Imbalance and posture impairment like stooping.
There may be Decreased automatic movements like smiling, blinking, and also swinging of arms while walking.
They may have difficulty in writing.
Causes of Parkinsons Disease:
In this Parkinson’s disease, certain nerve cells or neurons in the brain may gradually tend to break down or they may also die. Many of the symptoms of this disease are due to loss of neurons that may produce a chemical messenger in your brain which is called dopamine. When the levels of dopamine decreases, it may cause abnormal brain activity, which leads to symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.
The main cause of this Parkinson’s disease is not known yet, but there are several factors that appear to play a role, including:
Your genes: Few Researchers have also identified that the specific genetic mutations can cause Parkinson’s disease.
But these genes are uncommon except in rare cases with many family members affected by this Parkinson’s disease.
However, there are certain gene variations that appear to increase the risk of Parkinson’s disease but they are with a relatively small risk of Parkinson’s disease for each of these genetic markers.
Environmental triggers: Sometimes, exposure to certain toxins or any environmental factors may increase the risk of later Parkinson’s disease, but comparatively, the risk is relatively small.
Causes and risk factors
Scientists are still not sure about what causes Parkinson’s disease. It basically happens when nerve cells or neurons in the brain die or degenerate.
Parkinson’s disease with Lewy bodies:
In case a person suffering with this Parkinson’s disease has changes which are known as Lewy bodies in the brain, they tend to develop dementia.
Low dopamine levels: Few scientists have also linked the low or falling levels of dopamine, which is a neurotransmitter, with the Parkinson’s disease. This generally happens when the cells in the brain that produce dopamine die.
As the levels of dopamine fall in a person with Parkinson’s disease, the symptoms of parkinsons disease gradually become more severe.
Low nor-epinephrine levels: Norepinephrine, which is another neurotransmitter, is very important for controlling many of the automatic body functions, mainly the circulation of the blood.
Prevention of Parkinsons Disease:
Pesticides may generally increase the risk of Parkinsons Disease.
By using the appropriate protection when using pesticides and the other toxins may help you to reduce the risk of Parkinson’s disease.
It is not possible to prevent the Parkinson’s disease completely, but some research has shown us that some lifelong habits may help to reduce the risk of this disease.
Using turmeric: As this spice contains curcumin, which is an antioxidant ingredient. Consuming turmeric may help you to prevent the clumping of a protein which is involved in Parkinson’s disease, at least one of the laboratory studies has found.
Using flavonoids: Consuming some other type of antioxidant like the flavonoids may generally help you to lower the risk of developing this Parkinson’s disease, which is according to the research. Flavonoids, are generally present in berries, apples, some vegetables, tea, and also red grapes.
One must avoiding reheated cooking oils: As some scientists have linked the toxic chemicals, which are known as aldehydes, to the Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s and some other neurodegenerative diseases, and also some of the cancers.