Hypertension: Meaning, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment


Hypertension is just a medical term for high blood pressure and this condition can lead to many complications and thereby increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, and death.

High Blood pressure means that the blood applies much force against the walls of the blood vessels and Blood pressure is the force which is exerted by the blood against the walls of the blood vessels also pressure depends on the work being done by the heart and also the resistance of those blood vessels.

For a Normal person blood pressure is 120 over 80 mm of mercury mmHg, but for a hypertension patient, it is higher than 130 over 80 mmHg.

Some Acute causes of high blood pressure include stress, but this can happen on its own, or it can also be the result of any underlying condition, such as any kidney disease.

When hypertension is unmanaged, it can lead to a heart attack, stroke, and several other problems.

Few people have high blood pressure which is caused by an underlying condition and this type of high blood pressure, called secondary hypertension, which tends to appear suddenly and cause higher blood pressure than does primary hypertension.

Many Various conditions and medications can also lead to secondary hypertension, which includes:

Obstructive sleep apnea
Kidney problems
Adrenal gland tumors
Thyroid problems

If any Certain defects you’re born with i.e. congenital in blood vessels
Using medications like birth control pills, any cold remedies, decongestants, and over-the-counter pain relievers and also some prescription drugs
Using Illegal drugs, such as cocaine and amphetamines
Usually, Lifestyle factors are the best way to address high blood pressure.


Usually people with high blood pressure do not have any signs or symptoms, though blood pressure readings reach dangerously high levels.
But these signs and symptoms often aren’t specific and usually don’t occur until high blood pressure has reached a threatening stage of life.

Few Symptoms of severe hypertension include:

shortness of breath
chest pain
visual changes
blood in the urine

Above symptoms require immediate medical attention. As these don’t occur in everyone with hypertension, but sometimes waiting for a symptom of this condition to appear could be much fatal.

Heart attack: Usually High blood pressure can cause hardening and thickening of the arteries also called atherosclerosis, leads to a heart attack, stroke or some other complications.

An aneurysm is increased blood pressure which causes your blood vessels to weaken and bulge, forming an aneurysm. This can sometimes be life-threatening.

Heart failure: Pumping blood against the higher pressure in your vessels, the heart has to work harder which causes walls of the heart’s pumping chamber to thicken called left ventricular

The Weakened and narrowed blood vessels in your kidneys can prevent these organs from functioning normally.
The Thickened, narrowed or torn blood vessels in the eyes results in vision loss.

Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of disorders of body’s metabolism which includes increased waist circumference and high triglycerides, low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, called “good” cholesterol; high blood pressure and also high insulin levels as these conditions make more likely to develop diabetes, heart diseases, and stroke.

Hypertension also troubles memory and also understanding sometimes as uncontrolled high blood pressure affects your thinking ability, remember and learn they Trouble with memory or understanding concepts which are more common in people with high blood pressure.

Dementia is Narrowed or blocked arteries which can limit the blood flow to the brain, which leads to certain types of dementia called vascular dementia. Also, stroke that interrupts blood flow to the brain causes vascular dementia.

Above are Few Dietary recommendations for people with high blood pressure or HyperTension:

The easiest ways to treat hypertension and also prevent possible complications is through your diet. Above are some of the most common dietary recommendations for people with high blood pressure.

Eating less meat and more plants

Usually, a diet based on plant food is an easy way to increase fiber and also reduce the amount of sodium and the unhealthy saturated and trans fats that you take in from dairy foods and meat. You may Increase the number of fruits, vegetables, leafy greens, and also whole grains that you’re eating Instead of eating red meat, opt for any healthier lean proteins like fish, poultry, or also tofu.

Reduce intake of dietary sodium

Sometimes, People with hypertension and also those with increased risk for heart disease need to keep their daily sodium intake between 1,500 milligrams and 2,300 milligrams each day and the best way to reduce sodium intake is to cook fresh foods more often you may also Avoid eating restaurant food or any prepackaged foods, which are very high in sodium.

You may Cut back on sweets

Usually, foods and beverages with sugar contain many empty calories but do not have any nutritional content. In case you want something sweet, you may try eating any fresh fruit or small amounts of dark chocolate that haven’t been sweetened much with sugar.

Hypertension during pregnancy

Few Women with hypertension deliver healthy babies despite having hypertension. But this condition can be dangerous to both the mother and baby if it is not monitored closely and carefully and also managed during the pregnancy.

Usually, Women with high blood pressure are more likely to develop any complications. Some of the pregnant women with hypertension may experience decreased kidney function, also Babies born to mothers with hypertension may have a very low birth weight or sometimes born prematurely.

Women in some cases, may develop hypertension during their pregnancies. There are some types of high blood pressure problems that can develop as this condition often reverses itself once the baby is born. Also developing hypertension during pregnancy may increase the risk of developing hypertension later on in life.

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