What is Heart Attack?
A heart attack usually happens when there is a complete and sudden blockage of the artery which supplies blood to an area of your heart. The heart is a muscle, and also it needs a good blood supply to keep it healthy. The main cause of a heart attack is coronary heart disease.
Many people may not know they might have coronary heart disease until they have a heart attack. For other people, a heart attack can happen after weeks, or months or years of having coronary heart disease.
Tips to prevent a Heart attack:
Try to Keep your cholesterol and triglyceride levels under control. Usually, High levels of cholesterol can clog all your arteries and also raise your risk of coronary artery disease and heart attack. Mainly Lifestyle changes and medicines can lower your cholesterol. Also, Triglycerides are another type of fat in the blood. High levels of these triglycerides may also raise the risk of coronary artery disease, especially in women.
You have to Stay at a healthy weight. Usually Being overweight or having obesity can mainly increase your risk for heart disease. This mostly occurs because they are linked to many other heart disease risk factors, including high blood cholesterol and also triglyceride levels, high blood pressure, and diabetes. Majorly Controlling your weight can lower these risks.
You need to have a healthy diet. You have to Try to limit all the saturated fats, and foods high in sodium, and added sugars. You may Eat plenty of fresh fruit, vegetables, and whole grains. DASH diet is a perfect example of an eating plan that can help you to lower your blood pressure and cholesterol; these are the two things that can reduce your risk of heart disease.
You may Get regular exercise. Exercising has many benefits which include strengthening your heart and improving your circulation. It helps you maintain a healthy weight and lower cholesterol and blood pressure.
You will have to Limit alcohol. Too much alcohol consumption will raise your blood pressure. Which also adds extra calories, and may cause weight gain. Both of these raise the risk of heart disease.
Do not smoke. Cigarette smoking will raise your blood pressure and also put you at higher risk for heart attack and heart stroke. If you don’t smoke, do not start. If you do smoke, quitting will help you lower your risk for heart disease.
Try to Manage Stress. Usually, Stress is linked to heart disease in many ways. Stress can raise your blood pressure; sometimes Extreme Stress can be a “trigger” for a heart attack. some common ways for people to cope with Stress, such as overeating, heavy drinking, and smoking, are bad for your heart. Some of the easy ways to help manage your Stress include exercise or listening to music, also focusing on something that is calm or peaceful and meditating.
You have to Manage diabetes. If you have diabetes, it doubles your risk of diabetic heart disease.
One has to Make sure that you get enough sleep. In case you don’t get enough sleep, you may raise your risk of high blood pressure, obesity, and also diabetes. These three things can raise your risk of heart disease. Adults majorly need 7 to 9 hours of sleep per night.
Emergency Tips In case Of a Heart Attack:
You may Call 911 or your local medical emergency number. You shouldn’t ignore or attempt to tough out the symptoms of a heart attack for more than five minutes. In case you don’t have access to emergency medical services, have a neighbor or a friend who can drive you to the nearest hospital you may Drive yourself only as a last resort
You may Chew and swallow an aspirin, but unless you are allergic to aspirin or you’ve been told by the doctor not to take aspirin.
You may Take nitroglycerin, only if prescribed. But if you think you’re having a heart attack and your doctor has previously prescribed nitroglycerin for you, you may take it as directed.
You can also Begin CPR if the person is unconscious. In case you’re with a person who might be having a heart attack and he/ she is unconscious, you may tell the 911 dispatcher or any another emergency medical specialist. You may advise beginning cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
Though you do not have CPR training, doctors usually recommend skipping mouth-to-mouth rescue breathing and performing only chest compressions
Check If an automated external defibrillator (AED) is available and if the person is unconscious, you may begin CPR while the device is retrieved and then set up. You have to Attach the device and then follow instructions that will be provided by the AED once it has evaluated the person’s condition.
First Aid for a heart attack:
In case you think someone is having a heart attack:
Tell the person to sit down, rest, and try to keep calm.
You may Lose any tight clothing.
Ask the person to take any chest pain medicine, such as nitroglycerin,
In case the pain does not go away promptly with rest or within 3 minutes of taking nitroglycerin, call anyone for emergency medical help.
DO NOT’s for a heart attack: